images9

Unit Trusts And Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.

Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.

Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.

Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.

The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.

images12

The Art Of Body Modification Branding

Through the years, man has unceasingly found ways to express their innate creativity and uniqueness. This is evident in many works of art collected throughout the years. However, such ingenuity is not only confined in crafts, sculptures, and paintings. Some people have literally made their own body as their canvas! These people are not only content of admiring art pieces; they made themselves the living and breathing artwork. This is mainly because some people find extreme satisfaction on being different from the rest or getting the kind of attention they unabashedly seek. Hence, this gave birth to the art of body modification.

The art of modifying the human body was already practiced centuries ago in native tribes as a way of making themselves look more attractive for their mate. It has taken a lot of form, such as body tattoo, piercing and interestingly body modification branding. The latter is unquestionably an extreme art form since it requires burning a part of the skin to create a permanent scar.

Body modification branding or otherwise known as scarification have earlier been used in burning identifying marks on livestock. Centuries ago. Greeks used it as a popular form of punishment for slaves and fugitives. Law offenders are branded on their forehead as a blatant sign of condemnation and to intentionally spur social disdain and disgrace. However, this barbaric act was later banned since it violates the human rights act and is deemed to be an extreme penalty to bear for most people.

Nowadays, body modification branding still exists in some sectors of society. No longer as a severe form of castigation but as a voluntary mark of association to a certain group. This practice is quite common in fraternities and organized crime groups. The scar apparently becomes their official membership mark of some sort. Some people use the body modification branding as a right of passage, especially for people who are aspiring to be a member of an exclusive group.

The body modification branding actually has two methods: the strike, where the artist will use a piece of metal to burn the skin repeatedly and the cautery, which uses a cautery pen to make a permanent scar on the skin. Both produce similar results and the scar is something the person will bear for the rest of his life. People who practice branding would claim it is a freestyle form of art, but a lot of people think otherwise. To the eyes of many, it is still a callous act that should no longer be practiced in this modern age.

Find insightful and useful information about Marketing tools and Publicity at MarketingArticles.com.

images4

The Most Popular Job Roles In Finance

There is a plethora of jobs in the finance industry. Many finance jobs are centered around several primary professions such as commercial banking and investment banking. Naturally the most common jobs fall within those two categories. Currently, the more popular of the two is investment banking. Consequently, the most popular job roles in finance are positions in the investment banking arena.

Industry coverage is a large area covered by investment bankers who specialize in product groups such as utilities, aerospace, real estate, etc. This group has a group of senior bankers called Managing Directors which are backed by Directors, Vice Presidents and Associates. The managing director will help strategize the next move for the group as it grows and the team usually recruits new graduates into this group quite aggressively.

Corporate finance is an area with the primary function of raising money for corporate ventures. As an analyst in this group, you would be responsible for preparing registrations and attend road shows where investors are sold securities. Debt Capital Markets or Equity Capital Markets originate new issues of bonds or securities. They advise about the best time to issue these new debts or equities. Mergers and Acquisitions is yet another department which is under investment banking. Mergers and acquisitions generate fee income for investment banks. The bank sets up the acquisition even under market conditions that would make the acquisition unfavorable through creative methods that benefit all parties and the bank gets paid handsomely for their effort.

Project Finance help fund the infrastructure of a government or oil capital project, generally funneling funds from one foreign country to another when other options for borrowing have dried up. Trading is a job with which most of us are familiar. It is sales of securities on the stock market floor or from an office. Structured finance, derivatives, advisory, equity and fixed income research and international sales and emerging markets are other jobs that can be performed in investment banking.

Public finance, retail brokerage or stockbroker, institutional sales and ratings analyst are the remaining positions in investment banking. Many of these jobs are more glamorous than the others, but they all pay well. The most popular job roles in finance include any position in investment banking which comes with a hefty salary and many also pay bonuses. Commission often accompanies any position that generates sales to compensate for performance. Ratings analysts command an average annual salary of 68,000 with an average of 5,000 in bonuses. An exceptional employee should expect a higher salary. A managing director in Industry Coverage can command a salary of 130,000 to 220,000 annually. The job you pursue in Investment Banking will be your personal choice. Your compensation will be excellent and hopefully, you will find a home based on your talent and interests.

images2

Home Loan Modification – What Is It and How Can It Help You Fix Your Mortgage

Home loan modification is a term used to determine a process that you can go through whenever you are burdened with paying off your mortgage. This process is used by a lot of people, because it allows them to modify the terms of their mortgage, making it favorable for both the lender and debtor.

Believe it or not, there are millions of property owners who are having problems when dealing with their mortgage. Some people even resort to filing bankruptcy, which should only be used when all available methods have failed. Home loan modification is rapidly becoming popular among mortgage holders, because it helps them ease the terms of their mortgage without damaging their reputation as debtors.

Applying for a home loan modification has a lot of benefits like reducing the interest rates that are being charged to you monthly, reducing your principal balance, you can also change the terms from adjustable mortgage to a fixed mortgage rate, and you can ultimately increase the duration of your loan.

If you are going to ask a bank, they will never advise you to apply for a home loan modification due to obvious reasons – they will earn a lot less if you are paying under a modified term compared to paying for your original mortgage terms. This is also the reason why there are a lot of mortgage holders who are not familiar with this method.

A typical modified loan takes 30-90 days to complete and make sure that you are paying all obligations during that time. This will slightly increase your chances of getting the loan modification approved. You also need to keep all the documents and statements that you have received from your lender because these documents are often required when applying for a modified loan.

If you are looking for a company that will help you apply for a mortgage modification, then you can start searching the Internet. There are a lot of companies who are willing to help people like you to ease the burdens of their mortgages. Just make sure that you pick the right company. Always look for the testimonials and feedback from past clients to determine whether a particular company is really capable of helping you with your mortgage.

For detailed facts and essential tips about how you can be approved for a loan modification, visit this simple, easy to understand loan modification guide and resource:

images20

What makes an investment ethical

People want their money to work hard to deliver the best possible return on their stake. There are many ways that people can grow their money, from traditional savings and ISA accounts to more diverse investments such as commodities.

Current times are quite challenging in terms of what investments actually do provide a decent return on customers monies, and many people are turning to ethical investment opportunities.

What is an ethical investment?

An ethical (also known as Sustainable) investment is an investment that not only offers a good return on the clients money but also helps the planet. This is done by investing in commodities such as timber, where plantations are created and harvested over a designated period of time. These opportunities often come with social and environmental objectives. They can provide jobs to communities whilst creating sustainable fuels and forestry for years to come.

Why should you chose an ethical investment?

Investing money is all about getting a return at any cost. Ethical opportunities are different in that respect. Ultimately the end goal is getting a return on investment, but alongside this investment you know that the money is being put to good use in both a socially and environmentally responsible way. By choosing an ethical investment you can be sure that your money will be put to use in a way that will also help the environment both now and the foreseeable future.

What are the risk of ethical investments?

There are always risks in any investment and ethical opportunities are no different, however they do tend to often perform well under poor market conditions. It is important to note, however, that an ethical opportunity might have a higher risk profile than other investment opportunities where a companies activities are more mainstream.

What types of ethical investments are available?

There are many different types of sustainable opportunities available to people who are serious about socially responsible investments. These can range from Forestry and Farming to alternative energy sources and eco-housing.

Before you embark on any type of investment, be it ethical or not, you should always seek guidance and where possible have a look at how the market has been performing over a period of time. Sustainable investments can offer a very high return on your investment, but as with any investment there is an element of risk involved. In some cases the element of risk may be higher in an ethical investment than in a non-ethical option so you should always research the market prior to departing with your hard earned cash. You should only ever invest what you can afford to potentially lose.

Sustainable investments can provide you with a high return on your money, whilst also helping to build a sustainable planet.

images14

Homeowners Can Get Incredibly Flexible Finance!

There is a combination of a home loan and line of credit that will provide a homeowner with all the finance he needs. Since the duration of home loans are extremely long, flexibility is essential because many things can happen in 30 years. Your needs will change over time and so should your source of financing.

The problem of flexibility of mortgage loans was already solved by a home loan type that adapts to the borrowers needs. However, if the borrower wanted additional cash for some unexpected expenses, there was no solution provided by these loans. Thats why a combination of home loan and home equity line of credit is the best option for ultimate flexibility.

Option Mortgage Loans

The first part of this Loan Combo is the mortgage loan. The idea of these loans is that while for a certain situation a fixed interest rate mortgage loan would be the best option for you, you may have to go through difficult times eventually and you would prefer an interest only mortgage loan then. And perhaps, later your financial situation would improve and you would prefer to take advantage of better market conditions with a variable rate mortgage loan.

Normally you would have to refinance your loan many times over the life of a 30 years home loan in order to do all the above. But Option Mortgage Loans let you choose the set of rules that will apply to your loan each time you pay your mortgage installment. That way, if you go through some hardship you can pay only the interests and postpone the payment of principal. Or if you run into extra income you can choose to pay off your home loan sooner.

Home Equity Line of Credit

A home equity line of credit will complement an Option Mortgage Loan by providing additional finance each time you are in need of cash. So, if you suddenly find yourself in a complicated financial situation, you can not only reduce your monthly payments by changing your mortgage loan to an interest only home loan but you can also get extra cash by withdrawing money from your home equity line of credit.

The home equity line of credit is secured on your home, thus both the mortgage and the line of credit have the same security. A property worth $150,000 can easily provide you with a line of credit of $50,000 if your outstanding mortgage is $100,000. As you can see, its an excellent option for solving your finance issues for many years. You wont need to resort to any other source of finance again.

The main benefit of these lines of credit is that while you repay the money withdrawn, the cash will be available again right away if you need it again. Thus, you wont have to apply for a loan each time you need cash. Moreover, the interest rate charged for these loan products is significantly lower than that of personal loans and credit cards.

images20

Boat Loans And Boat Finance

Financing your next boat is a very important process, as you want to choose a finance package most suitable to you. There can be many things to check including
Boat loan interest rate
Fees and charges
Break fees if you paid it out earlier
Can you pay extra payments
Time it will take to approve and settle your boat loan
Does the boat finance company suit your criteria to approve the finance

You can have unsecured or which can affect the cost of your loan.

It can be a requirement of the boat finance company to have fully comprehensive insurance on your boat before purchase and while you pay off your boat loan.

Finance companies can assist to ensure you have a hassle free boat purchase and help with
Encumbrance checks to ensure that there are not any outstanding loans from the prior owner left against the boat.
Title check or confirming the ownership of the boat you are purchasing.
Clear transfer to seller of the amount financed on the boat purchase. .
Boat loans, subject to the finance companys approval can be financed to the full cost of the purchase including
On-road costs and taxes.
Boat Insurance
Marine breakdown warranties
Loan protection for death, disability and unemployment.
Older boats can be ok. Boat finance can apply for all ages new and used depending on the boat loan lender.
Finance structures can be flexible to suit your circumstance. Options to consider on your boat loan could be
Delayed payment boat loans so you first payment starts at a extended time into your finance contract
Interest only payment options including balloon payments.
Extended finance terms
Structured boat finance payments to suit your life style or your work cash flow
Construction boat loans
There are many marine finance options available for imported boats.
Commercial boat finance options are available that could be suitable for business use. Some factors to consider that relate to business car financing are:
Chattel mortgage boat finance

The structure of your business car finance can affect your taxation claim.
Dealing through a reputable boat loan broker can give you a choice of boat finance lenders. It is important to know that you may get boat loan interest rates and loan fees and charges cheaper than banks.

images20

As A Modest Income Earners Can Benefit From Financial Planning Services

There are many of us who live under the impression that only rich people need the services of planners. ” The reasons are usually something that only those rich people have money that is “substantially insufficient” to warrant the services of a professional or a person, to help plan your costs! However, this thinking is informed misunderstanding of what the financial planner really are and what their role is all about.

Financial planning work is not all about helping people “to plan how they spend their money.” In fact, strictly speaking, that is not even one of the things that do not have planner. Financial planning will be more professional, which helps people come up with a good financial objectives, and plans to achieve those objectives. Planning how they will spend their money, of course, prove that the way in which the planner can help them achieve their goals achievement, but it is by no means the main thing that made financial planning. From the planner working on setting financial goals and plans for the attainment of the objectives defined.

When you begin to see financial planning as a professional who can help you formulate your financial goals and establish plans for achieving these objectives, it immediately becomes clear to you that it is in fact modest income people who need more services for financial planners. The assumption here is that rich people have reached most of its financial goals (because of their wealthy status) – and although they still need to service planners to protect and preserve their wealth, it is their humbler colleagues who need these services even more.

The first way in which low-income workers can benefit from financial planning services in a way that there are some good financial objectives of the formulation. While there is nothing wrong with being a low income earner at the time, it would be unfortunate if you find yourself in the same situation ten years down the line. But this is exactly where you’re likely to end up if you do not set financial goals and to implement them.

Another way in which low-income workers can benefit from exploring the service planner – financial planner with – ways to increase their income. Of course, increased income from financial goals, which can only be one, but it is worthy of mention – because income growth tends to be the most bothersome issue of low-income earners.

The third way in which the low-income workers can benefit from financial planning services should be removed when the financial plans for the formulation of achievement. The goal is as a destination: done up your mind that you’re headed there, you will need to work exactly as you get there. Here’s what a financial plan does not exist. It comes after the formulation of financial goals and mainly consisting of (practical) strategies for these goals.

images5

Absorption Rate and Why It Matters to Your Investment

Absorption Rate and Why It Matters to Your Investment

Chances are if you are new to property investment you may be a little overwhelmed with all of the terminology that you are being faced with. After all when you were making your initial investment in your residence you don’t recall hearing terms such as absorption rates.

Maybe you are thinking that it really is not something that you care to take an interest in with this potential property investment, but you have to change your mindset here. Real estate investing is a business, whether you are investing in one property or several. Therefore you must treat it as such and look at it from all different directions. This means paying attention to the absorption rate because it can have a direct effect on your investment.

It really is not difficult to understand, and in fact you may find it quite interesting. It merely means how long it will take the property to sell on the market in a given area.

Let’s say there are 500 homes in an area and every month 50 of these homes sell. This means it would take 10 months to sell all the homes. Therefore you can assume that if you are the seller that you are looking at an average of 10 months to sell your home. If on the other hand you wanted to sell quicker than this it would mean lowering your price.

This all sounds like pertinent news for the seller but to what advantage can you as the buyer use it for? If the absorption rate is high in the area you are considering your purchase then it means more homes are on the market, and this means more competition the sellers will be facing. Your potentially lower offer may seem like a good deal based on this.

The absorption rate is just one of many areas of significance when contemplating a realty investment. If you apply the same careful research tactics when putting your financing in place then you are beginning to cover both ends of your investment.

For example, you are being astute at your potential purchase but at the other end of the spectrum you are weighing out your options on your cost to invest. When you put your full potential into both of these areas you are making your prospective investment that much stronger.

By having the opportunity to take advantage of various real estate tactics when investing it gives you more leverage as a viable investment compared to other types of investments that you don’t have near the same amount of control over.

images

Singapore Real Estate Investment

Real estate investment is about finding good deals; the crux is that money is made when you purchase.

Real estate investments are often treated as one the best ways of investing money. However, what you are looking for is not just any real estate investment, but real estate investment that can give you good returns. By real estate investment we mean investing money into property i.e. buying property at a low price and selling it at a higher price so as to make a profit out of it. So the most important part of good real estate investment is to get hold of such properties which can give you good returns.

Now, how can you get these potential profit-making deals?

1. Your first avenue for finding good deals is the local newspaper (the property newspaper). Just search for properties that are listed directly by the owners who want to avoid paying commission to the real estate brokers. Since the owner is saving on the commission that they would otherwise have to pay to the broker, they would probably be able to offer a lower price to you and be more open to negotiations.

2. You could also place your own wanted ad in the local newspapers. On the same lines, you could use internet to search for the real estate investment avenues. In fact, you would be astonished by the number of real estate investment opportunities you are able to locate on the internet. Not only that, searching for real estate investment opportunities (i.e. property for sale) is much easier on internet than anywhere else.

3. Another good way to hunt for real estate investment opportunities is by using the services of real estate brokers. Some people use real estate agents as their first (and maybe the only) touch point for getting real estate investment opportunities. The real estate agents act as information hub for people looking to buy property. In fact, a lot of sellers find it much more convenient to sell their properties by listing it with real estate agents.

4. Multiple listings service (MLS as known in the real estate industry) is another good way to find real estate investment opportunities. Since the multiple listing book is provided only to the real estate agents and not to the general public (unless you are very lucky), all the cream (good real estate investment opportunities) would have already been taken before you get to see the book. The key here is to look for expired listings that didnt get converted to a deal.

5. Another good way to get a property, that is a good real estate investment, is to look for foreclosures by banks or to visit public auctions. You can generally get a good deal here. Divorce settlements are another good real estate investment opportunity.

To sum up, real estate investment is really about knowing where to look. And finding good deals does require some effort.